A new study by researchers at the University of Michigan finds that interracial friendships are less likely to form when there is a large group than in instances where there is only a small group. In a study of more than 4,700 high school students, the researchers found school size had a major impact on the likelihood of interracial friendships.
“Large schools promote racial segregation and discourage interracial friendships,” states Yu Xie, a sociologist at the university and a co-author of the study. The researchers found that when the size of the social group is small, people have a low likelihood of finding a same-race friend that matches their other preferences. But as the total size of the group increases, people are more likely to find same-race friends who also satisfy their other preferences.
The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The article may be accessed here.