A new study conducted by Cynthia Frisby, an associate professor of strategic communication in the School of Journalism at the University of Missouri in Columbia, has found that Black athletes are more likely than their White peers to be stereotyped negatively in media outlets such as television and video games.
Dr. Frisby’s research found that media stories on Black athletes tended to focus on criminal activity or other negative attributes, whereas stories about White athletes were overwhelmingly positive. She found that of all online and print news stories written about criminal activity of athletes, 66 percent involved African Americans. Overall, 53 percent of all print and online media stories of Black athletes were negative, while only 27 percent of the stories about White athletes were negative.
“True cultural sensitivity requires the eradication of racial and ethnic stereotyping; thus, journalists and reporters must reflect on how their own unfounded beliefs about race differences in sports likely contribute to the stereotyping of Black athletes as engaged in more criminal activity and innately physically gifted yet lacking in intelligence and strong work ethics,” Dr. Frisby said. “Not only does negative media coverage serve to legitimize social power inequalities, but also it is likely to undermine Black athletes’ achievements and contribute to stereotype threat.”
The study was presented at the recent International Communication Association conference and is one of 15 chapters in Dr. Frisby’s new book How You See Me, How You Don’t (Tate Publishing, 2015).
Dr. Frisby joined the faculty at the University of Missouri in 1998. She holds a master’s degree and a Ph.D. from the University of Florida’s College of Journalism and Mass Communications.