A new report by the Association of American Medical College offers a snapshot of the physician workforce by state. The report includes data on the race of the physician workforce in each state which can be compared to the racial/ethnic population of each state.
Nationwide, Blacks make up 5.3 percent of all practicing physicians. The 2020 Census estimates that Blacks are 14.2 percent of the total population.
Blacks are 10 percent or more of all practicing physicians in the District of Columbia, Georgia, Mississippi, and Maryland. Georgia fares far better than most southern states. Blacks make up 31 percent of the population and 16.3 percent of the doctors.
In South Carolina, Blacks are 25 percent of the population but only 6 percent of the doctors. In Louisiana, Blacks are 31 percent of the population but only 8 percent of practicing physicians.
The racial gaps are not restricted to the southern states. In New York, Blacks are 15 percent of the population and only 5.7 percent of the doctors. In Michigan, Blacks are 14 percent of the population and 5.1 percent of the doctors. In Pennsylvania, Blacks are 11 percent of the population, while Blacks make up only 4 percent of the physician workforce.
In Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Utah, Blacks are less than 1 percent of all practicing physicians.