University of California Scientists Offer New Take on the Evolution of Skin Color

UCSFLogoA study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, finds that darker skin is stronger than lighter skin and forms an important barrier against a host of environmental threats. Peter Elias, a professor of dermatology at the University of California, San Francisco, states that “work in our lab has shown that darkly pigmented skin has far better function, including a better barrier to water loss, stronger cohesion, and better antimicrobial defense.”

The authors speculate that the common assumption that Black skin developed on an evolutionary scale because it protected individuals from the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation that can increase the risk of skin cancer. But the authors note that deadly skin cancer usually occur late in life, usually after the reproductive years so it would have limited impact on evolution. The other benefits of a darker skin may have more significance to human evolution.

The authors speculate that when humans moved North they needed more clothing for warmth. This clothing served the same purpose as darker skin as an environmental barrier. Darker skin which, according to the authors, is metabolically expensive to produce, was no longer as important to survival. “It’s all about diverting precious resources towards the most urgent requirements,” Dr. Elias said.

The study, “Basis for the Gain and Subsequent Dilution of Epidermal Pigmentation During Human Evolution: The Barrier and Metabolic Conservation Hypotheses Revisited,” was published on the website of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. It may be accessed here.

Related Articles


  1. Be proud of your dark skin, don’t look at it as a hindrance, but as a reminder that we are a tough group of people who are adapted to survive tough circumstances. Our dark skin performs many ways in our bodies that other skin tones can’t. Deep melanin is a survival tool, a gift given to us from God. Cherish and appreciate it. Last, the sun is our best friend and we need it as source for nourishment and production.

  2. I recommend anyone reading this article to read “Melanin Chemical Key to Black Greatness.” , unfortunately I can’t remember the author’s name.

    • the author is carol barnes. people could also read dr. frances cress welsing’s work on melanin as well.. may she rest in peace!

Leave a Reply

Get the JBHE Weekly Bulletin

Receive our weekly email newsletter delivered to your inbox

Latest News

Virginia State University Receives Approval to Launch MBA Program

“I am confident this program will equip our diverse population of men and women with the knowledge, skills, and experiences necessary to thrive in today’s ever-evolving world of business," said Emmanual Omojokun, dean of the Virginia State University College of Business.

Three Black Scholars Receive Faculty Appointments

The appointments are Erica Armstrong Dunbar at Emory University in Atlanta, Kimberly Haynie at the University of Arkansas Pine Bluff, and Kevin Vandiver at Virginia Theological Seminary.

Delaware State University Aviation Program Establishes Partnership with Endeavor Air

Through a new memorandum of understanding, students in the aviation program at Delaware State University will have the opportunity to enroll in a pathway program with Endeavor Air, ultimately leading to a priority interview with the airline company upon completion of required flight hours.

American College of Physicians Honors Bruce Ovbiagele for Advancing Diversity in Healthcare

Dr. Ovbiagele's academic career has been dedicated to eliminating local and global stroke disparities, as well as mentoring medical students and researchers from underrepresented groups.

Featured Jobs